Biology (BIO)

BIO 100 PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGY

3, 3/0; NS14

Non-majors only. The unifying principles of modern biology with special emphasis on cell biology, metabolism, and genetics. Offered every semester.

BIO 101 HUMAN BIOLOGY

3, 3/0; NS14

Non-majors only. Biological principles of the human condition with particular emphasis on physiology of normal body function with regard to nutrition, disease, psychoactive agents, reproduction and contraception, and aging. Contemporary health-related issues. Offered every semester.

BIO 104 ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY

3, 3/0; NS14

Non-majors only. Biological aspects of global environmental problems. Principles of ecology. Offered every semester.

Equivalent Course: BIO 104W

BIO 111 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY

4, 3/0

The chemicals of life. Cell organelles. Metabolism and energy transformations. Cell division, gene expression, Mendelian and population genetics. Biotechnology as an approach to understanding life, human health. Emphasis will be placed on developing students¿ ability to understand and use biological concepts at the college level. Offered every semester.

BIO 115 GENERAL BOTANY

4, 3/3

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

BIO 116 GENERAL ZOOLOGY

4, 3/3

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

BIO 189 TOPIC COURSE

1, 0/3

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

BIO 210 MICROBIOLOGY

3, 2/2

Prerequisite: BIO 100 or BIO 111. Non-majors only. Morphology and physiology of bacteria. General application to household science, sanitation, hygiene, and infectious disease. Offered fall only.

BIO 212 INTRODUCTION TO ORGANISMAL BIOLOGY AND DIVERSITY

4, 3/3

Prerequisite: BIO 111, C or better. Origins and history of life. Functional biology of animals and plants studied in an integrated fashion. Survey of morphology, physiology, development, reproduction and life cycles of animals, plants, fungi and microbes. Offered occasionally.

BIO 213 INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, AND BEHAVIOR

4, 3/3

Prerequisite: BIO 111, C or better. Population, community and ecosystem ecology; human impact on the environment. The Darwinian revolution, evolution of populations and the formation of new species. Principles of animal behavior. Offered occasionally.

BIO 214 INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: CHE 111 and CHE 112/CHE 114. Structure of biological macromolecules; organization of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells; and basic cell processes. Offered occasionally.

BIO 300 BIOSTATISTICS

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: Algebra, upper-division status. Statistical inference as a guide to decision making during biological investigations. Elements of experimental design. Exploratory data analysis. Tabular, graphical, and written interpretation of results. Application of inferential techniques including confidence intervals, t-tests, analysis of variance, chi-square analysis of contingency tables, and linear regression and correlation. Offered spring only.

BIO 301 CELL PHYSIOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 214 and CHE 201. Basic concepts in cell physiology with an emphasis on transport across cell membranes, cell communication, and excitability of nerve and muscle cells. Labs introduce students to a variety of techniques employed to study cell physiology including biochemistry, cellular electrophysiology, and fluorescence microscopy. Offered alternate years.

BIO 303 GENETICS

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 214 and CHE 112. Principles of Mendelian, molecular and population genetics. Classic and molecular experimental methods for studying of gene structure, transmission, expression. Offered occasionally.

Equivalent Course: BIO 303W

BIO 305 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

4, 3/1

Prerequisites: BIO 214, CHE 201. Structure, organization, and function in living matter at the molecular level. Offered alternate years.

BIO 308 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 111, and upper-division status. Physiology and pertinent anatomy of the major organ systems of the human body including consideration of clinical health and disease. Not applicable as a biology elective for students pursuing a B.A. in biology. Offered fall only.

BIO 309 LABORATORY IN HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

1, 0/3

Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 111 and upper-division status. Human anatomy and functions of the major anatomical systems using the techniques of rigorous animal dissection (e.g., cats and sheep organs) and physiological experiments. Not applicable as a biology elective for students pursuing a B.A. in biology. Offered fall only.

BIO 311 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

4, 3/2

Prerequisites: BIO 100 or BIO 214 and upper class standing. Study of the basic physiology of cells, tissues and the following human body systems: cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive.

BIO 312 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II

4, 3/2

Prerequisite: BIO 311 and upper class standing. The study of the physiology and related anatomy of the following human body systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, sensory and endocrine. Written essays and reports will be required.

BIO 314 ADVANCED CELL BIOLOGY

4, 3/3; WIIF

Prerequisites: BIO 214, CHE 201. Current models of eukaryotic cell structure and function. Topics include: membrane transport, electrical properties of membranes, protein targeting, membrane trafficking, cytoskeleton, cell signaling, control of the cell cycle and cancer. Offered spring only.

Equivalent Course: BIO 314W

BIO 315 ECOLOGY

4, 3/3; WIIF

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 213, CHE 111, CHE 112/CHE 114. Ecosystems, biotic communities, interspecific and intraspecific relationships, biogeochemical cycles, energy flow, population ecology, introduction to analysis of community composition, effects of humanity in modifying natural environments. Several half-day or all-day field trips may be required. Offered fall only.

Equivalent Course: BIO 315W

BIO 316 GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY

4, 2/6

Prerequisites: BIO 214, CHE 111, CHE 112/CHE 114. Microorganisms and techniques of observing their morphology, growth characteristics, and distribution. The relationship of microorganisms to human activities. Offered spring only.

Equivalent Course: BIO 316W

BIO 321 COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Function, evolution, and development of the diversity of vertebrate structure. Rigorous dissections of representative vertebrate morphologies (e.g., preserved sharks, amphibians, cats, etc.). Offered alternate years.

BIO 322 HUMAN HEREDITY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: BIO 100 and upper-division status. Non-majors only. Human inheritance and the social implications of genetics to modern society.

BIO 324 BIOLOGY OF HUMAN REPRODUCTION

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: BIO 100 and upper-division status. Non-majors only. Anatomy and physiology of the human reproductive system, development of the human embryo, and the processes of birth and lactation.

Equivalent Course: BIO 324W

BIO 325 ICHTHYOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Study of the biology of fishes: structure and function (anatomy and physiology), systematics, evolution, diversity, zoogeography, and ecology. Offered alternate years.

BIO 330 SCIENCE WRITING

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: CWP 102. Science readings, student peer review and active writing to address fundamental writing skills, scientific theory and logic as pathways toward constructing an effective scientific paper.

BIO 350 GENES IN POPULATIONS

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 214, CHE 111, CHE 112/CHE 114, and upper-division status. Processes that cause populations to change over time; mutation, natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow. Application of population genetic principles to problems in conservation biology and forensic genetic analysis. Offered alternate years.

BIO 361 BIOLOGY SEMINAR

1, 0/0

Participation in weekly seminars on topics ranging from ecology and evolution to biomedical sciences and cell biology.

BIO 362 BIOLOGY SEMINAR

1, 0/0

Participation in weekly seminars on topics ranging from ecology and evolution to biomedical sciences and cell biology.

BIO 389 TOPIC COURSE

1-6, 1/0

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

Equivalent Course: BIO 389W

BIO 402 COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 214, BIO 212, CHE 201. Study of hormonal control, neural processing, sensory mechanisms, circulation, gas exchange, digestion, muscles, energetics, and thermoregulation using vertebrate and invertebrate examples.

BIO 405 EVOLUTION

3, 3/0; WIIF

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 213, BIO 303, or instructor permission. The pattern of evolution including fossil, biogeographic, and genomic evidence. Phylogenies; processes contributing to changing allele frequencies in populations through time including selection, drift, mutation, migration, and nonrandom mating; models of speciation. Mendelian framework for quantitative genetics. Sexual selection, inclusive fitness, altruism and the evolution of eusociality. Mass extinction and recent discoveries related to human origins. Offered every semester.

Equivalent Course: BIO 405W

BIO 408 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 214, CHE 112/CHE 114. Plant physiological processes including photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, translocation, photomorphogenesis and tropisms; plant water potential, effects of hormones, soil nutrients, environmental stress; plant anatomy in relation to physiological function; use of instrumentation to measure physiological performance. Offered alternate years.

BIO 411 ANIMAL PARASITOLOGY

4, 3/3

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

Equivalent Course: BIO 411W

BIO 412 EMBRYOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 214, and CHE 201/203 or BIO 305. Principles and processes of a chordate embryology with emphasis on cellular and molecular mechanisms of development.

BIO 414 MAMMALOGY

4, 3/1

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Introduction to the study of mammals: including classification, distribution, ecology, and behavior as they relate to life histories of mammals; identification of mammals in the field and laboratory; and field methods of mammalian studies. Offered alternate years.

BIO 417 FIELD MYCOLOGY

3, 2/3

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

BIO 418 LIMNOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 213, CHE 111, and CHE 112. Physical, chemical, and biological factors that influence freshwater life and the ecological interactions in freshwater communities. Lectures, demonstrations, and field trips. Offered alternate years.

BIO 421 INVERTEBRATE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

3, 2/2

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Functional approach to the morphology, physiology, adaptation, ecology, reproduction, and evolution of invertebrates. Offered alternate years.

BIO 425 MORPHOLOGY OF NONVASCULAR PLANTS AND FUNGI

4, 3/3

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

BIO 426 MORPHOLOGY OF VASCULAR PLANTS

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. A study of the comparative structures, reproductive cycles, and phyletics relationships among the vascular plants. Interactions between structure and function and ecological adaptations will be considered. Offered alternate years.

BIO 427 SYSTEMATIC BOTANY

4, 0/0

See the Undergraduate Course Catalog.

BIO 428 VERTEBRATE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Comparative study of vertebrates with emphasis on their anatomy, adaptations, ecology, and phylogenetic relationships. Offered alternate years.

BIO 429 FISHERIES BIOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Ecology and management of fish populations. Sampling techniques and fisheries-management techniques (including stocking, hatcheries, and aquaculture programs). Feeding, behavior, and life history of fishes. Offered alternate years.

BIO 430 STREAM ECOLOGY

4, 3/3; WIIF

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 213, junior or senior status. Biological, chemical, geomorphic, and hydrologic features affecting the ecology of flowing water systems. Emphasis on freshwater invertebrate life histories, adaptations, and community structure in shallow streams. Offered alternate years.

Equivalent Course: BIO 430W

BIO 431 AQUATIC ENTOMOLOGY

4, 3/1

Prerequisites: BIO 212 and BIO 213. Survey of the classification, taxonomy, and identification of aquatic insects. Emphasis on aquatic insects of northeastern North America, their life histories, adaptations, and community structure in streams and wetlands. Offered alternate years.

BIO 433 ORNITHOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 212, BIO 213. Introduction to the study of birds including a survey of the diversity of avian behaviors, life history strategies, mating systems, ecology, and physiological-morphological specializations of flight. Offered alternate years.

BIO 450 RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY

4, 2/4

Prerequisites: BIO 303 or BIO 350, CHE 201. Extensive hands-on experience using the techniques of biotechnology. Emphasis on techniques involving the construction of recombinant DNA molecules and their analysis. Offered alternate years.

BIO 488 BIOLOGY INTERNSHIP

1-15, 0/0

Prerequisites: Minimum cumulative and biology GPA of 2.5; BIO 111, BIO 212, BIO 213, BIO 214; faculty adviser and department chair permission. An opportunity to apply learned principles and methodologies in a workplace setting. Offered every semester.

BIO 495 SPECIAL PROJECT

1-3, 0/0

Prerequisites: Faculty adviser and department chair permission. Offered every semester.

BIO 498 HONORS RESEARCH

1,3, 0/0

Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 212, BIO 213, BIO 214; completion of 70 or more credit hours; minimum GPA of 3.4 in biology major and minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0. Independent investigation of an original scientific problem, completed over two semesters with transition to the second semester dependent upon satisfactory completion of research proposal during the first semester. Submission of a final written report of investigation and an oral presentation of work at a scientific meeting. Offered every semester.

BIO 499 INDEPENDENT STUDY

3-12, 0/0

Prerequisites: Faculty adviser and department chair permission. Offered every semester.

BIO 587 TOPICS IN BIOLOGY

1-4, 1/0

In-depth examination of rapidly and significantly changing disciplinary issues, topics, or practices; offered occasionally.

BIO 590 INDEPENDENT STUDY

1-6, 0/0

Independent investigation into a specific area of biology; topic selected by the student in consultation with a faculty member

BIO 600 FOUNDATIONS OF GRADUATE STUDIES IN BIOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: Graduate student status in Biology. Introduction to the culture and structure of graduate studies in Biology including the methodology and tools, writing, experimental design, and communication of biological research.

BIO 601 FOUNDATIONS OF CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: Undergraduate courses in cell biology and genetics or instructor permission. Fundamental paradigms in cell and molecular biology as illustrated by current research; mechanisms by which genes control morphogenesis of plants and animals; evolution of the eukaryotic genome; mechanisms by which the transcription of eukaryotic genes is regulated; regulation of the cell-division cycle in eukaryotic cells. Emphasizes current literature, as well as writing and oral expression about the literature readings.

BIO 602 FOUNDATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: Undergraduate courses in botany and zoology or instructor permission. Evolution of specialized features in plants and animals that allow them to maintain a stable internal environment while being exposed to a variety of external environmental conditions: adaptations of organisms for environments low in water or oxygen; problems associated with ionic and water regulation in freshwater and marine organisms; fundamental physiological principles that apply to both plants and animals.

BIO 603 FOUNDATIONS OF ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: Undergraduate courses in ecology and evolution or instructor permission. Current theories and paradigms of modern ecology and evolution; population and community interactions of organisms; coevolution; ecological and evolutionary genetics; micro- and macroevolution.

BIO 608 MOLECULAR GENETICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: One course in genetics. Molecular basis of the structure, replication, and genetic function of DNA; mutation, recombination, and the nature of genes; the genetic code, messenger and transfer RNA, and protein biosynthesis; molecular evolution of proteins.

BIO 612 TOPICS IN ECOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: One semester each of ecology and biometrics or equivalent. Lecture and discussion on a specific topic in ecology, such as population ecology, microbial ecology, plant ecology, ecology of the Great Lakes, or advanced limnology. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.

BIO 616 TOPICS IN ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: General physics, organic chemistry, and one year of physiology. Lecture and discussion on special topics in animal physiology, such as immunology, advanced animal physiology, and animal responses to stress. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.

BIO 617 RESEARCH SEMINAR

1, 1/0

Presentations and discussions of current research projects by graduate students in biology. Each participant presents a seminar. Required for all candidates for the M.A. degree in biology.

BIO 626 TOPICS IN BOTANY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: 9 credit hours of botany-oriented courses. Lecture and discussion on a specific topic in botany, such as biosystematics, dendrology, wetland plants, plant pathology, or plant response to stress. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.

BIO 627 TOPICS IN ZOOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: 9 credit hours of zoology-oriented courses. Lecture and discussion on a specific topic in zoology, such as invertebrate zoology, entomology, fisheries biology, or functional vertebrate morphology. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.

BIO 629 FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

3, 3/3

Prerequisite: One semester of ecology or instructor permission. Advanced study of the ecology and management of fish populations emphasizing inland fisheries in North America. Topics include management philosophies, fisheries statistics and modeling, habitat protection and manipulation, introduced and endangered species, stocking, and Great Lakes fisheries.

BIO 630 STREAM ECOLOGY

3, 3/3

Prerequisite: One semester each of ecology and statistics or instructor permission. Biological, chemical, geomorphic, and hydrologic features affecting the ecology of flowing water systems. Emphasis on freshwater invertebrate life histories, adaptations, and community structure in shallow streams.

BIO 635 GREAT LAKES ECOLOGY

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: One semester of ecology or instructor permission. Study of the North American Great Lakes: physical and chemical features, biological structure, and ecological interactions. Focus on environmental issues, including water quality and the effect of introduced species.

BIO 670 BIOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: One course in statistics. Experimental design and statistical analysis of biological data; applications of computers to biological investigations. Designed for students in the initial stages of planning their research.

BIO 672 FORENSIC MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

4, 3/3

Prerequisites: BIO 303 or BIO 350; FOR 612 or CHE 312; CHE 670 or CHE 470 or BIO 305; or equivalents. Applications of biology, biochemistry, and genetics to forensic science with an in-depth look at the evidential information that can be obtained from blood, semen, saliva, and hair. Details of DNA profiling, including DNA extraction, DNA quantification, PCR amplification, STR analysis and interpretation, and mtDNA sequencing. Protein polymorphisms and immunological tests. Laboratory component providing hands-on experience with techniques commonly used in a forensic biology laboratory.

Equivalent Course: CHE 672

BIO 690 MASTER'S PROJECT

1-3, 0/0

Prerequisite: Approval of proposal by the student's project committee; open to M.S. in education candidates. Investigation of a special-interest problem, planned and executed with consultation and advisement from the instructor and the student's project committee.

BIO 695 RESEARCH THESIS IN BIOLOGY

1-6, 0/0

Prerequisite: Approval of proposal by the student's thesis committee; open to M.A. or M.S. in education candidates. Individual investigation of an original problem submitted in acceptable form according to directions given by the Graduate School.

BIO 699 COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION

1, 0/0

Prerequisites: Permission of the graduate committee. A comprehensive written and oral examination that provides the culminating “capstone” experience of the M.A. Biology program for students pursuing the non-thesis option. Examination topics determined with advisement of the graduate committee.

BIO 721 THESIS/PROJECT CONTINUATION

0, 0/0

BIO 722 THESIS/PROJECT EXTENDED

0, 0/0