Criminal Justice (CRJ)
CRJ 101 INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE
3, 3/0; SS14
An introductory analysis of the agencies and processes of the criminal justice system, including an examination of patterns of crime and victimization; underlying ideologies; procedures, functions and structure; fundamental legal concepts; interaction between various social groups and the criminal justice system; and organization, discretion and decision-making of police, criminal courts, and correctional services. Offered every semester.
CRJ 201 CRIMINAL LAW
Prerequisite: CRJ 101. The study of substantive criminal law through the analysis of judicial opinions and textual material. In-depth coverage of the elements of crime, such as intent, actus reus, and concurrence, examined within the statutory definition of several different offenses and studied within the context of defenses such as justifications, among others. Offered every semester.
CRJ 202 THE POLICE PROCESS
Comprehensive introduction to the basic elements of policing in the United States, designed to acquaint students with the most current knowledge about police organizations, police officers, police work, and police problems. Offered every semester.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 202W
CRJ 204 THE CORRECTIONAL PROCESS
The correctional process from sentencing to parole. Examines legal and administrative processes used in establishing postconviction remedies, criminal sanctions, and social controls on adult offenders. Emphasis on understanding the structure and function of the American correctional system and the processes in establishing correctional custody and treatment. Offered every semester.
CRJ 250 INTRODUCTION TO INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS
Survey course that introduces students to the discipline of intelligence in the areas of national security, business, and law enforcement. Provides students with an understanding of how intelligence systems function, how they are used by policymakers, and how they are managed and controlled. Covers such intelligence topics as history, ethics, psychology, and analytical techniques. Offered every semester.
CRJ 301 POLICE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 or permission of instructor, upper-division status. Analysis of administrative theory and practice in police systems with emphasis on organization and function, and on issues unique to those systems. Offered every semester.
CRJ 302 CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND THE COMMUNITY
Patterns of crime in the community and the community's response. Differences between urban and suburban areas, as well as by age, gender, and race. Practices and effects of diversion, community-based corrections, victim-witness programs, crime watch, court watch, restitution, mediation, and dispute-resolution programs. Offered fall only.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 302W
CRJ 303 CRIMINAL JUSTICE THEORY AND IDEOLOGY
3, 3/0; WIIF
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and CWP 102. Examination of the social, political, cultural, and economic forces that shape the historical and contemporary theories and ideologies of crime and their interactive influences with criminal justice policies and practices. Offered every semester.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 303W
CRJ 305 THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
Prerequisites: CRJ 101, and upper-division status. The structure and function of the juvenile justice system. Statutes and court decisions used to determine jurisdiction over youth. Critical decision-making stages of the juvenile court process. Review of the research concerning the relative effectiveness of treatment and social control programs for youth. Emphasis on the historical, cultural, social, and legal influences governing the processes, priorities, and practices of juvenile justice. Offered every semester.
CRJ 306 PROBATION, PAROLE, AND COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and upper-division status. Review of probation, parole, and community corrections; their histories and organizational structures; the nature and effects of the process by which offenders are handled, as well as the dynamics and trends toward change in the field of probation, parole, and community-based corrections. Offered every semester.
CRJ 307 COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
Prerequisite: CRJ 101. The major contemporary criminal justice systems and their operations under various cultural contexts. The social, economic, political, and ideological forces that have impacted present-day systems. Methodological issues of comparative research. Offered fall only.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 307W
CRJ 308 CRIME PREVENTION
Prerequisite: CRJ 101. The nature and effects of three levels of efforts at crime prevention: those administered by the formal justice system to prevent offenders from repeating offenses, those designed to deal with people identified as likely to commit crime, and those designed to modify the physical and social environments that foster crime. Offered occasionally.
CRJ 310 STATISTICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Majors Only. An introductory overview of statistical principles and statistical techniques in criminal justice research. Introduction of data measurement, data distributions, probability and the normal curve, samples and populations, testing differences between means, analysis of variance, nonparametric tests of significance, correlation, and regression analysis. Includes “hands-on” experience using SPSS for data analysis and interpretation.
CRJ 315 RESEARCH METHODS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
3, 3/0; WIIF
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and upper-division status. Introduction to the research process as practiced in criminal justice: definition of problem, delineating theory, various methods of data collection, examination of validity and reliability. Research devices used in everyday criminal justice. Students participate in some aspect of research. Offered every semester.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 315W
CRJ 317 CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and upper-division status. Constitutional issues in criminal justice through a review of United States Supreme Court decisions regarding law enforcement, prosecution, defense, judicial process, corrections, and community supervision; additional constitutional issues related to the administration of justice. Offered every semester.
CRJ 320 CRIMINAL COURTS
Prerequisite: CRJ 101. The trial criminal courts, with emphasis on courts for adult offenders. Legal, social, and political processes that affect the dynamics of the criminal trial process. Problems, possible reforms, and decision-making of the participants. Interrelationships that affect and influence court decisions and justice. Offered occasionally.
CRJ 325 SKELETAL INVESTIGATIONS: FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY
CRJ 355 CRIME ANALYSIS
Prerequisite: Junior level status or instructor permission. Crime analysis terminology, techniques, and methodologies. The role and responsibilities of a crime analyst, including the need for analysts to utilize cross-jurisdictional data and provide objective results to policymakers and law enforcement decision-makers. Offered every semester.
CRJ 402 ADVANCED ADMINISTRATION IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisites: CRJ 101; upper-division status; and completion of introductory course in public administration, business management, or criminal justice administration. Advanced course in management concepts and issues applicable to the administration of criminal justice agencies. Emphasis on a systems model of organizational analysis. External environment of crime control policy and its impact upon agency operations. Internal agency management. The responsibilities and functions of crime control agency managers. Offered spring only.
CRJ 404 WHITE-COLLAR AND CORPORATE CRIME
Prerequisites: CRJ 101, CRJ 303, and upper-division status. Physical and financial harm caused by wayward corporations, corporate officials, employees, and other white-collar offenders. Emphasis on ethical and legal decision making and regulatory monitoring, and control of white-collar and corporate activity. Offered spring only.
CRJ 406 CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROGRAMS
Prerequisites: CRJ 101, CRJ 204, and upper-division status or permission of instructor. Comprehensive survey of adult institutional corrections systems, their programs and services, and the policies and procedures governing the operational, legal, and structural context of correctional environments. Emphasis on the research literature focused on the impacts and outcomes of various correctional intervention strategies. Offered occasionally.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 406W
CRJ 408 PROSEMINAR IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Investigation, examination, and discussion of topics of current interest in criminal justice. Techniques and analysis of criminal justice research. Offered occasionally.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 408W
CRJ 409 ADVANCED ISSUES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT
Prerequisites: CRJ 101, CRJ 202, and upper-division status or permission of instructor. Advanced course on contemporary issues in law enforcement. Provides insight and depth into a broad range of topics and exposes students to experts and specialists from various relevant disciplines. Offered spring only.
CRJ 410 ORGANIZED CRIME
Prerequisites: CRJ 101, CRJ 303, and upper-division status. Views on organized crime, the controversy surrounding the phenomenon, and efforts at control. Definition of organized crime, its developmental history, and models that define the structure of organized crime in the United States. Theories that explain the existence of organized crime, activities that constitute the "business" of organized crime, the relationship between organized crime and official corruption, techniques used to combat organized crime, and policy implications inherent in responses to organized crime. Offered fall only.
CRJ 420 ADVANCED ISSUES IN PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS
Prerequisites: CRJ 101, CRJ 204; upper-division status. Critical analysis of contemporary policies, practices, and issues arising from the control and punishment of criminal offenders. Emphasis on the complexity of recent issues, such as disparity in criminal sentencing, use of the death penalty, institutional overcrowding, treatment of institutionalized people, and community supervision of nonincarcerated offenders. Focus of analysis will vary with interests of faculty and students. Offered fall only.
CRJ 425 RACE, ETHNICITY, AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
3, 3/0; DI14
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and senior level status. The current state of race relations in society and the criminal justice system; the historical experiences of different racial and ethnic groups in the United States and their relation to law and the criminal justice system as victims, offenders, and officials in criminal justice institutions. Offered every semester.
Equivalent Course: AAS 425
CRJ 430 GENDER AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
3, 3/0; DI14
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and senior level status. The mutual effects between gender and aspects of criminal justice, including victimization, criminality, law, and the criminal justice process. Includes perspectives on the historical subordination of women, and how law and the criminal justice system can be used to ameliorate that subordination. Offered every semester.
CRJ 440 DRUGS, CRIME, AND DRUG POLICY
Prerequisites: CRJ 101 and CWP 102. The nature and impact of drug abuse in America and the relationship to criminal behavior. The historical and ideological foundations of national drug-control policy as well as contemporary control and intervention strategies. Offered occasionally.
CRJ 450 TERRORISM AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
The phenomenon of terrorism from a criminal justice perspective. The history of the phenomenon and contemporary terrorism in both its domestic and international manifestations; theories about terrorism; analytic methods for investigating and combating it, whether perpetrated by state or non-state actors. Offered every semester.
CRJ 455 ADVANCED INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS
Prerequisite: CRJ 250. Advanced-level continuation of CRJ 250. Introduces a variety of analytical techniques; provides advanced knowledge, understanding, and application of these techniques; promotes critical thinking and report-writing skills. Offered every semester.
CRJ 470 ADVANCED SEMINAR IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisites: CWP 102, CRJ 101, CRJ 303, CRJ 315, upper division status, and at least 24 credit hours of criminal justice coursework. Integration of knowledge acquired throughout the criminal justice curriculum into a holistic conception of criminal justice theory, practice, research, and planning. Emphasis on developing advanced scholarship, conceptualization, and critical thinking through writing within the discipline. Offered every semester.
Equivalent Course: CRJ 470W
CRJ 485 MOCK TRIAL
Prerequisite: Upper-division status. Simulation of a trial court or appellate court proceeding involving teams of students acting as prosecutor/plaintiffs' attorneys, defense attorneys, and witnesses. Students develop case strategy, analyze evidence, integrate legal precedent, prepare a written brief, question witnesses, and present oral arguments to the court in opening and closing statements. Final project is a mock trial presentation held in a formal courtroom setting. Offered every semester.
CRJ 488 INTERNSHIP IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisites: Senior-level standing, 3.0 GPA, and permission of instructor. A comprehensive, supervised field experience in criminal justice and related social service agencies. Requires a minimum of 10 hours of work in the agency during a 14-week period (140 total hours) and a weekly academic seminar on campus. The purpose of the internship is to integrate knowledge learned in the academic environment with the experience of day-to-day work in a professional environment. Offered every semester.
CRJ 495 SPECIAL PROJECT
CRJ 497 WORKSHOP
CRJ 499 INDEPENDENT STUDY
CRJ 501 THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Patterns and trends in crime and victimization in the United States; the complex relationships between theoretical explanations of criminal behavior and criminal justice policies and priorities; theoretical and empirical foundations of criminal behavior and crime control; development of writing and conceptual skills.
CRJ 504 RESEARCH METHODS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Graduate status or instructor permission. Graduate level statistics and undergraduate research methods. This course introduces students to the practice, theory, and philosophy of social science research, with a special focus on criminal justice. It not only broadens students' knowledge of the ethical issues associated with research, but also introduces them to a variety of research techniques such as surveys, field research, and experimental designs. Research Methods will lay the foundation for students to become informed "consumers" of research, as well as "producers" of it.
CRJ 505 LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL
CRJ 506 POLICING IN AMERICA
CRJ 508 HISTORY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Graduate status or instructor permission. Societal responses to crime and disorder in the United States from the colonial period through the twentieth century; social forces that influenced the development of criminal law and its institutions of social control; readings in traditional and revisionist scholarship on social disorder, law, crime, police, courts, prisons, and juvenile justice.
CRJ 590 INDEPENDENT STUDY
CRJ 601 CORRECTIONAL STRATEGIES
Prerequisite: Graduate status. Historical, philosophical, theoretical, and legal dimensions of correctional practices in the United States; contemporary correctional strategies and services, including institutional and community-based programs, within the context of contemporary correctional policy.
CRJ 602 ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND THE MANAGEMENT PROCESS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Undergraduate advanced administration in criminal justice or equivalent. Managerial environment of criminal justice organizations; analysis and application of administrative science to improving crime control agency management.
CRJ 603 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Graduate status. Intensive and integrative analysis of the administration of criminal justice. Uses a pluralistic model of public crime control policy making to examine existing and possible future efforts and effects on the American criminal justice and criminal-legal system and its agencies and operations. Extensive exposure to the criminal justice system, supporting social science, and legal literature in the field.
CRJ 604 CRIMINAL COURTS
Theory of courts and the legal, social, and political processes that significantly affect the operation of the criminal courts, the administration of justice, and judicial decision making; the interrelationship among the social and political forces that influence court decisions and justice.
CRJ 605 LAW AND SOCIAL CONTROL
Prerequisite: Graduate status or instructor permission. Nature of social control as it is vested in the objectives, procedures, and authority of law and social institutions; social and legal implications of social control, and the limits of criminal law as a means of social control.
CRJ 606 LAW ENFORCEMENT ISSUES
Prerequisite: Graduate status or instructor permission. Selected issues relating to the role and operations of law enforcement in a time of complex social change. Topics vary as developing issues and problems affect the police.
CRJ 608 SPECIAL TOPICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Graduate status. Intensive analysis of a special topic(s) not covered in the existing curriculum, to be determined by relevancy and currency of the topic(s), student interests, and the availability of resources and expertise to teach the specific subject matter. May be taken three times (up to 9 credits).
CRJ 609 STATISTICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Graduate status or instructor permission. Introduction and overview of statistical principles and methods in criminological research. Examination of descriptive, inferential, and multivariate statistics through parametric and nonparametric measures. Emphasis on the interpretation and application of statistical results from software analysis, such as SPSS, and journal articles.
CRJ 612 PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY
CRJ 617 INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGY AND CURRICULUM PROBLEMS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
CRJ 620 WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
Prerequisite: Graduate status. Theoretical and empirical literature on upper-world crime and its impact on society; the relationship between and effectiveness of criminal, civil, and regulatory processes; characteristics of offenders.
CRJ 622 JUVENILE JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Graduate status. Historical, philosophical, theoretical, and legal foundations of juvenile justice systems in states across the country; the relationship between juvenile delinquency and youth crime; various state juvenile justice strategies; empirical studies of interventions to combat drug behavior; gangs and criminal violence; the effectiveness of the complex decisions made by the juvenile justice system in addressing delinquency and youth crime.
CRJ 624 COMPUTER APPLICATION
Prerequisite: Graduate status or instructor permission. Various computer applications of basic statistical methods as they apply to criminal justice; a combination of lectures on both descriptive and inferential statistics and hands-on experience in the computer lab, designed to increase analytical ability through quantitative training exercises.
CRJ 625 RACE AND ETHNICITY IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: CRJ 501. Manifestations of racial and ethnic stratification in American society and their effects on crime and the administration of criminal justice in the United States; history of racial stratification in the United States; effects of racial stratification on the criminality of minority groups; differential enforcement of the law against members of minority groups at different phases of the criminal justice process.
CRJ 626 GENDER ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: CRJ 501. Gender differences and their effects on criminal behavior, law, and the criminal justice process; crimes of which women are disproportionately victims; the extent, types, distinguishing characteristics, and theories of female criminality; criminal justice policies and practices that result in the differential treatment of female victims, offenders, and practitioners.
CRJ 628 ORGANIZED CRIME
Prerequisite: Graduate status. History, structure, operation, and theories of organized crime, and the problems of control that law enforcement faces; interaction among criminals, victims, community, law enforcement, and the laws within the pluralistic political context.
CRJ 630 CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Prerequisite: Admission to the criminal justice master's degree program or instructor permission. Legal reasoning, writing briefs, and legal research; identifying and analyzing selected Supreme Court cases, with an emphasis on the First, Fourth, and Fifth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution; examining former ideologies for comparison with current trends, issues, and ideologies, emphasizing the comprehension of legal thought and how it changes. Uses the casebook method of study.
CRJ 635 CRIMINAL JUSTICE ETHICS
Prerequisite: Graduate status. Ethics as a component of criminal justice: overview of basic ethical concepts and theories; macro-level ethical issues and problems in the criminal justice process; specific ethical problems of the various components of the criminal justice process.
CRJ 690 MASTER'S PROJECT
Research or investigation of a particular problem, planned and carried out by the student with consultation and guidance from the instructor.
CRJ 695 MASTERS THESIS
CRJ 710 RESEARCH PROJECT
Prerequisites: Graduate status, instructor permission, and department approval. Participation in an ongoing research project by invitation of a criminal justice faculty member. May be taken only once.
CRJ 721 THESIS/PROJECT CONTINUATION
CRJ 722 THESIS/PROJECT EXTENDED