# Physics (PHY)

PHY 100 PHYSICS FOR NON-SCIENCE MAJORS

3, 3/0; NS14

A non-mathematical consideration of historical world views in physics and their relevance to society. May not be substituted for PHY 107, PHY 108, PHY 111, or PHY 112. Not open to physics majors. Offered every semester.

PHY 103 UNDERSTANDING SOUND

3, 2/2; NS14

The basics of sound, intended for non-science majors. Wave characteristics and behavior, applied to sonic phenomena. Interfaces of sound with humans and society (music, hearing, sound production and recording). Offered every semester.

PHY 104 PHYSICS FOR K-8 TEACHERS

3, 2/2; NS14

Prerequisite: Acceptance to Pre-K-8 teaching majors or pre-majors. High school algebra and writing. Nature of science, energy transfer, force interactions, systems, Newton's Laws, magnetic, gravitational, light, and thermal interactions, conservation of energy, and simple circuits as appropriate for teachers of K-8 science. Meets National Science Education Standards S (NRC) and the New York State Education Department (NYSED) learning standards for Math Science and Technology and elementary and intermediate physical standards (Standard 4). Inquiry-based classroom co-mingles laboratory with lecture. Offered every semester.

PHY 105 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS

3, 3/0

Builds skills commonly used in physics classes. Class activities designed to help students learn problem-solving skills using mathematical formulations, observation, data taking, data analysis, and theoretical interpretation in the context of physics. Offered fall only.

PHY 107 GENERAL PHYSICS I

4, 3/2; NS14

Algebra-based study of mechanics, measurement, kinematics, Newton's laws, gravity, conservation of energy and momentum, and rotation; laboratory. Offered every semester.

PHY 108 GENERAL PHYSICS II

4, 3/2

Prerequisite: PHY 107. Algebra-based study of electricity and magnetism: static electricity (including electricity fields and potential), current electricity and circuits, magnetism and electromagnetic interactions; laboratory. Offered every semester.

PHY 111 UNIVERSITY PHYSICS I

5, 4/2; NS14

Corequisites: MAT 161 and MAT 163. Calculus-based treatment for science majors of particle motion, kinematics, Newtonian dynamics, energy transformation, conservation laws of energy and momentum, gravitation, and rotation; laboratory. Required for physics majors. Offered every semester.

PHY 112 UNIVERSITY PHYSICS II

5, 4/2

Prerequisite: PHY 111 or equivalent. Corequisites: MAT 162 and MAT 164. Continuation of PHY 111. Calculus-based introduction to heat, electricity, magnetism, and optics; laboratory. Required for physics majors. Offered every semester.

PHY 189 TOPICS COURSE

1-3, 1/0

Offered occasionally.

PHY 213 UNIVERSITY PHYSICS III

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: PHY 112 or equivalent; calculus. Corequisite: MAT 263. Continuation of PHY 111 and PHY 112. Calculus-based introduction to physical optics, kinetic theory, classical wave motion, and interference phenomena; introduction to special relativity. Required for physics majors. Offered in either the fall or spring semester.

PHY 304 OPTICS AND VISION FOR TEACHERS AND ARTISTS

3, 2/2

Prerequisites: Any college or high school introductory physics course; CWP 101; any first-year MAT or instructor permission. Phenomena of light, vision, color, and photography, as appropriate for teachers of science and visual arts majors. Meets the National Science Education Standards S (NRC) and the New York State Education Department (NYSED) learning standards for Math, Science and Technology and elementary and intermediate physical setting standards (Standard 4). Inquiry-based classroom co-mingles laboratory with lecture using handheld apparatus and demonstrations in the lecture theater and take-home laboratory activities using everyday materials. Can be used as a sequence with PHY 104. Offered occasionally.

PHY 305 MODERN PHYSICS I

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: CHE, 112, PHY 213, and MAT 263 or equivalent. Principles of relativity; concepts of waves, particles, atomic structure; introduction to quantum theory. Required for physics majors. Offered fall only.

PHY 306 MODERN PHYSICS II

3, 0/0

Prerequisite: PHY 305. Molecular structure; solid state; nuclear physics. Offered spring only.

PHY 308 OPTICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: MAT 263, PHY 112 or equivalent. Fundamentals of geometrical and physical optics; the nature and propagation of light; Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, polarization; single, double slit and grating diffraction, lasers, and holography. Offered occasionally.

PHY 310 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS LABORATORY

3, 1/4

Prerequisites: PHY111. Introduction to basic computational techniques using physics material from intermediate-level courses. Required for physics majors. Offered fall only.

PHY 315 HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: MAT 263, PHY 112 or equivalent. First, second laws; entropy; chemical potential; enthalpy; free energy; Gibbs function; Maxwell relations; phase transitions; and statistical mechanics of classical and quantum distributions. Offered occasionally.

PHY 320 INTRODUCTION TO THEORETICAL PHYSICS

4, 4/0

Prerequisites: PHY 111, PHY 112, and MAT 263. Introduction to advanced mathematical applications: partial differential equations, complex numbers, special functions, boundary value problems, orthogonal functions and expansions, matrices, and integral transform techniques. Required for physics majors. Offered spring only.

PHY 323 STATICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: PHY 112. Application of mechanics to the study of static equilibrium of rigid and elastic bodies. Includes composition and resolution of forces; moments and couples; equivalent force systems, free-body diagrams; equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies; forces in trusses and beams; friction forces; first and second moments of area; moments and product of inertia; methods of virtual work and total potential energy. Offered occasionally.

PHY 324 ELECTRIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS

3, 2/2

Prerequisites: PHY 213 and MAT 263. Calculus-based treatment of DC and AC circuits with introduction to commonly used analysis methods; laboratory. Offered spring only.

Equivalent Course: PHY 324W

PHY 410 ADVANCED PHYSICS LABORATORY

3, 0/6; WIIF

Prerequisite: PHY 305 or equivalent. Selected advanced experiments chosen from the areas of mechanics, thermal physics, sound, optics, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. Offered fall only.

Equivalent Course: PHY 410W

PHY 412 PHYSICS SEMINAR

1-3, 1/0

Prerequisites: 15 credit hours in physics and MAT 162 or equivalent. Readings, reports, and discussion of current job opportunities and/or problems and research in physics. May be repeated up to three times. Offered occasionally.

PHY 425 CLASSICAL MECHANICS

4, 4/0

Prerequisites: PHY 320 or equivalent and PHY 310. Vectorial particle mechanics in one, two, and three dimensions; rigid body motions in three dimensions; motion in central force fields; moving reference frames; forced harmonic oscillators; and introduction to mechanics in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulation. Offered alternate years.

PHY 435 INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: PHY 305, PHY 320, or equivalent and PHY 310. Postulates of quantum mechanics with selected examples; uncertainty principle; operator formalisms; Heisenberg and Schroedinger representations; angular momentum; spin. Offered alternate years.

PHY 440 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: PHY 320, MAT 263, or equivalent. Coulomb forces; electric fields and potentials; Laplace equation; boundary value problems and dielectrics; multipole distributions; magnetic induction; introduction to Maxwell's equations. Offered in alternate years.

PHY 441 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: PHY 310 and PHY 440. Continuation of PHY 440. Vector potentials; Faraday's law; magnetism; electromagnetic wave propagation; radiation. Offered alternate years.

PHY 445 NUCLEAR PHYSICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: PHY 305 and PHY 320, or equivalent. Nucleons and nuclei; radioactivity; detectors; interaction of nuclear radiation with matter; nuclear reactions; nuclear models and gamma emissions; introduction to high-energy physics. Offered occasionally.

PHY 448 INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS

3, 3/0

Prerequisite: PHY 306 and PHY 320 or equivalent. Theory of the structure of solids: unit cell, lattice dynamics and phonons, specific heats, band theory, superconductivity, electron dynamics, and statistics. Offered occasionally.

PHY 450 SUPERVISED PHYSICS LABORATORY TEACHING

1-2, 0/0

Prerequisites: Physics major; upper-division status; minimum cumulative GPA of 3.0, 3.25 in major coursework; physics faculty permission based on academic performance, maturity, and potential. Supervised in-classroom introduction to college laboratory teaching techniques and procedures for selected upper-division physics majors. Offered occasionally.

PHY 495 SPECIAL PROJECT

1-3, 0/0

Prerequisite: Faculty sponsor approval. Physics and physics-related areas. Offered occasionally.

PHY 499 INDEPENDENT STUDY

3, 0/0

Prerequisite: Faculty sponsor approval. Physics and physics-related areas. Offered occasionally.

PHY 500 PHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SEMINAR

3, 3/0

Designed for practicing or future high school physics teachers. Includes reading and discussion of current research in physics education, evaluation and discussion of the application of this research to the New York State physics core curriculum, and the exploration and practice of assessment techniques in high school physics.

PHY 502 INITIAL PHYSICS TEACHING EXPERIENCE FOR ALTERNATIVE CERTIFICATION

3-6, 3/0

Prerequisite: Acceptance to the alternative certification in physics program. Full-time physics teaching with college supervision and school supervision: lesson and unit design, classroom management, designing and implementing student assessment, participation in school community.

PHY 507 ENERGY AND FORCE INTERACTIONS FOR K-8 TEACHERS

3, 1/4

Designed for elementary teachers to better understand physics and the nature of science. Focus on interactions and energy: energy, force, friction, gravity, magnetic fields, light, and electricity. Not appropriate for students with extensive physics background.

PHY 510 PHYSICS FOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS: CONTENT & PEDAGOGY

6, 3/3

Use of inquiry-based teaching techniques to develop concepts central to the New York State physics core curriculum. Use of mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design to pose questions, seek answers, and develop strategies to achieve these goals in the physics classroom with adolescent learners.

PHY 511 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS FOR TEACHERS

3, 3/0

Prerequisites: PHY 111, PHY 112 and PHY 213 or instructor permission. Study of problems from various physics content areas using a variety of computational tools (e.g. spreadsheets, computer programming) and techniques (Newton's method, Runge-Kutta). Physical systems including harmonic oscillator with damping, gravitational force (orbits, central force problem), electric and magnetic field and potential calculations, thermal and statistical physics, motion with air friction, wave motion, quantum mechanical tunneling and scattering. Pedagogical issues associated with using computation in the high school classroom.

PHY 518 WAVE PHENOMENA AND OPTICS

3, 3/0

Wave phenomena, including types, motion, interaction, and propagation; diffraction and interference; geometrical optics. Emphasizes research-based profiles of student conceptual difficulties and instructional strategies to remedy them.

PHY 520 MODERN PHYSICS

3, 3/0

Major developments in twentieth and twenty-first century physics and how they changed our understanding of the nature of space and time and the structure of matter. Application of physics education research to teaching relativity and quantum physics in a high school physics course.

PHY 521 EXPERIMENTS IN MODERN PHYSICS

3, 0/6

Prerequisite: PHY 520 or equivalent. Hands-on activities and advanced experiments chosen from the areas of optics, modern physics, nuclear physics, and solid state physics with the goals of learning modern laboratory techniques, data analysis, and lab report writing.

PHY 522 PHYSICS OF ENERGY SOURCES FOR TEACHERS

3, 2/2

Prerequisites: PHY 107 and PHY 108. Different energy sources, their global supply, and physical laws governing their present use in the world. Topical energy sources and physical laws for the hydrogen fuel cell, solar cell and wind turbine; using them in applications and devices.

PHY 525 NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS

3, 3/0

Major developments in nuclear and particle physics in the twentieth and twenty-first century, culminating in the standard model. Discussion of how these developments changed our understanding of the structure or matter.

PHY 588 TOPICS COURSE

3, 3/0

PHY 590 INDEPENDENT STUDY

1-3, 0/0

PHY 620 POWERFUL IDEAS AND QUANTITATIVE MODELING: FORCE, MOTION, AND ENERGY

6, 3/3

Designed for practicing or future high school physics teachers. Activities and laboratory experiences develop ideas in force, motion, and energy. Exemplary pedagogical techniques are modeled and examined.

PHY 622 POWERFUL IDEAS AND QUANTITATIVE MODELING: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

6, 3/3

Designed for high school physics teachers. Activities and laboratory experiences develop ideas in electricity and magnetism. Exemplary pedagogical techniques are modeled and examined.

PHY 690 MASTER'S PROJECT

1-3, 0/0

Study of a problem of special interest, preapproved by the physics graduate committee and submitted in acceptable form according to directions given by the Physics Department.

PHY 721 THESIS/PROJECT CONTINUATION

0, 0/0

PHY 722 THESIS/PROJECT EXTENDED

0, 0/0