BIO 587 TOPICS IN BIOLOGY
In-depth examination of rapidly and significantly changing disciplinary issues, topics, or practices; offered occasionally.
BIO 590 INDEPENDENT STUDY
Independent investigation into a specific area of biology; topic selected by the student in consultation with a faculty member
BIO 600 FOUNDATIONS OF GRADUATE STUDIES IN BIOLOGY
Prerequisite: Graduate student status in Biology. Introduction to the culture and structure of graduate studies in Biology including the methodology and tools, writing, experimental design, and communication of biological research.
BIO 601 FOUNDATIONS OF CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Prerequisites: Undergraduate courses in cell biology and genetics or instructor permission. Fundamental paradigms in cell and molecular biology as illustrated by current research; mechanisms by which genes control morphogenesis of plants and animals; evolution of the eukaryotic genome; mechanisms by which the transcription of eukaryotic genes is regulated; regulation of the cell-division cycle in eukaryotic cells. Emphasizes current literature, as well as writing and oral expression about the literature readings.
BIO 602 FOUNDATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY
Prerequisites: Undergraduate courses in botany and zoology or instructor permission. Evolution of specialized features in plants and animals that allow them to maintain a stable internal environment while being exposed to a variety of external environmental conditions: adaptations of organisms for environments low in water or oxygen; problems associated with ionic and water regulation in freshwater and marine organisms; fundamental physiological principles that apply to both plants and animals.
BIO 603 FOUNDATIONS OF ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
Prerequisites: Undergraduate courses in ecology and evolution or instructor permission. Current theories and paradigms of modern ecology and evolution; population and community interactions of organisms; coevolution; ecological and evolutionary genetics; micro- and macroevolution.
BIO 608 MOLECULAR GENETICS
Prerequisite: One course in genetics. Molecular basis of the structure, replication, and genetic function of DNA; mutation, recombination, and the nature of genes; the genetic code, messenger and transfer RNA, and protein biosynthesis; molecular evolution of proteins.
BIO 612 TOPICS IN ECOLOGY
Prerequisites: One semester each of ecology and biometrics or equivalent. Lecture and discussion on a specific topic in ecology, such as population ecology, microbial ecology, plant ecology, ecology of the Great Lakes, or advanced limnology. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.
BIO 616 TOPICS IN ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY
Prerequisites: General physics, organic chemistry, and one year of physiology. Lecture and discussion on special topics in animal physiology, such as immunology, advanced animal physiology, and animal responses to stress. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.
BIO 617 RESEARCH SEMINAR
Presentations and discussions of current research projects by graduate students in biology. Each participant presents a seminar. Required for all candidates for the M.A. degree in biology.
BIO 626 TOPICS IN BOTANY
Prerequisites: 9 credit hours of botany-oriented courses. Lecture and discussion on a specific topic in botany, such as biosystematics, dendrology, wetland plants, plant pathology, or plant response to stress. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.
BIO 627 TOPICS IN ZOOLOGY
Prerequisites: 9 credit hours of zoology-oriented courses. Lecture and discussion on a specific topic in zoology, such as invertebrate zoology, entomology, fisheries biology, or functional vertebrate morphology. Topics vary with each session. May be taken more than once.
BIO 629 FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
Prerequisite: One semester of ecology or instructor permission. Advanced study of the ecology and management of fish populations emphasizing inland fisheries in North America. Topics include management philosophies, fisheries statistics and modeling, habitat protection and manipulation, introduced and endangered species, stocking, and Great Lakes fisheries.
BIO 630 STREAM ECOLOGY
Prerequisite: One semester each of ecology and statistics or instructor permission. Biological, chemical, geomorphic, and hydrologic features affecting the ecology of flowing water systems. Emphasis on freshwater invertebrate life histories, adaptations, and community structure in shallow streams.
BIO 635 GREAT LAKES ECOLOGY
Prerequisite: One semester of ecology or instructor permission. Study of the North American Great Lakes: physical and chemical features, biological structure, and ecological interactions. Focus on environmental issues, including water quality and the effect of introduced species.
BIO 670 BIOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS
Prerequisite: One course in statistics. Experimental design and statistical analysis of biological data; applications of computers to biological investigations. Designed for students in the initial stages of planning their research.
BIO 672 FORENSIC MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Prerequisites: BIO 303 or BIO 350; FOR 612 or CHE 312; CHE 670 or CHE 470 or BIO 305; or equivalents. Applications of biology, biochemistry, and genetics to forensic science with an in-depth look at the evidential information that can be obtained from blood, semen, saliva, and hair. Details of DNA profiling, including DNA extraction, DNA quantification, PCR amplification, STR analysis and interpretation, and mtDNA sequencing. Protein polymorphisms and immunological tests. Laboratory component providing hands-on experience with techniques commonly used in a forensic biology laboratory.
Equivalent Course: CHE 672
BIO 690 MASTER'S PROJECT
Prerequisite: Approval of proposal by the student's project committee; open to M.S. in education candidates. Investigation of a special-interest problem, planned and executed with consultation and advisement from the instructor and the student's project committee.
BIO 695 RESEARCH THESIS IN BIOLOGY
Prerequisite: Approval of proposal by the student's thesis committee; open to M.A. or M.S. in education candidates. Individual investigation of an original problem submitted in acceptable form according to directions given by the Graduate School.
BIO 699 COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION
Prerequisites: Permission of the graduate committee. A comprehensive written and oral examination that provides the culminating “capstone” experience of the M.A. Biology program for students pursuing the non-thesis option. Examination topics determined with advisement of the graduate committee.
BIO 721 THESIS/PROJECT CONTINUATION
BIO 722 THESIS/PROJECT EXTENDED